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Facts about Egypt

Flag of Egypt

Looking for facts about Egypt? You've come to the right place! Most famously known for its pyramids and ancient civilization, Egypt has much more to offer than just that. The diving in the Red Sea is, by all accounts, spectacular. Nile cruises, Mediterranean beaches and overnight bedouin safaris are just a few of the other things that bring visitors to Egypt each year.

Located in northern Africa, Egypt borders Libya, Sudan, Jordan and Israel, as well as the Mediterranean and Red Seas. The climate is mainly desert with dry, hot summers and moderate winters, while the terrain features a desert plateau interrupted by the valley and delta of the Nile. Man-made structures such as the Suez Canal and Aswan High Dam have altered Egypt’s landscape but provided their own sight-seeing opportunities.

The Pyramids are a small fraction of its archaeological heritage as ancient Greeks, Romans, Arab dynasties and Christians have all left a mark on Egypt. A bustling metropolis that combines bygone eras with modern skyscrapers, the capital Cairo has numerous places of interest.

Just a few highlights of tourism in Egypt are the following and all are worth a look: the recently build Al-Azhar Park, the Mosque of Mohammed Ali, the Bent and Red Pyramids, the 1820 sabil or fountain of Mohammed Ali Pasha, the Giza Pyramids, the City of the Dead, the Step Pyramid, the Serapeum, the tombs of Mereruka and Ankhmahor, all offer a glimpse of Egyptian culture. The majestic Persian and Saite Tombs and the mausoleum of Al-Ghori attract visitors as well.

The City of Alexandria houses the once-greatest Library in the world, the biggest Roman burial site in Egypt, the Greco-Roman Museum, the Temple of Serapeum, the Royal Jewelry museum and the Montazah Palace Gardens.

A trip to Egypt should include a pilgrimage to Abydos (where it is believed Osiris resides) the Great Sand Sea and Luxor. Ah Luxor, considered by many to be even better than Cairo for a visit, no facts about Egypt would be complete without mention of this beautiful city. Part of what once was ancient Thebes, Luxor combines ancient splendor and provincial charm. Luxor offers travelers the temple Karnak, the burial grounds of all major Pharaohs, the Valley of the Kings and the Luxor Museum.

Due to sporadic unrest, travelers should be vigilant, avoid large crowds, and follow directions of local law enforcement. With common sense, visitors can enjoy the multiple wonders that Egypt offers.

Though political unrest occurred in the early part of 2011 resulting in the long-standing president's resignation, it was relatively short and tourism in Egypt hasn't seemed to be affected in the long term. Just keep in mind there are still constant demonstrations in Tahrir square, and care should be taken when going in that area, especially for women as there have been numerous reported assaults taking place.

Quick Info:

Capital: Cairo

Language(s): Arabic

Religion(s): Islam

Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

Electricity Voltage: 110/220V

Calling Code: +20

Popular Travel Destinations:

  • Pyramids
  • Nile River
  • Abu Simbel

Official Website: www.egypt.travel/

Travel Forums:

*Note* - Some of the graphics on this page were taken from the CIA World Factbook which contains a wealth of information on every country in the world. I highly recommend it.

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